Pre-seminary education: Biblical school in Khakasia.
Origin of the school and its purposes
The biblical school in Khakasia is a division of the primary theological education
provided by Lutheran Theological Seminary in Novosibirsk. This school, located in the city
of Touim, originated with the intent to educate in Lutheran theology those people who were
already doing some work in the church. It is obvious that not all church work requires a
full seminary education. Besides, the situation in Khakasia is very dynamic, as the
congregation there is still a missionary congregation in certain ways. It is not always
possible in this situation to wait for a person to go through a lengthy program. The
biblical school was also organized as an institute of pre-seminary training that would
enable its male graduates to enter LTS and study there, should they be willing to pursue
the formal road of higher theological education leading toward ordination and ministry in
|The idea of creating the biblical school in Khakasia came from Fr. Pavel Zayakin,
deacon of the congregation in Touim. It became possible to implement this project with the
help of Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Certain teachers as well as
financial resources (help with teachers’ travel expenses, textbooks, and other necessary
aid) came through the Russian Project at CTS, where Fr. Timothy Quill serves as director.
The program of education in the biblical school lasts for two years. The method is a
combination of distance education and on-site training. Each month the students are taught
a course by an instructor and are given assignments. Following the actual course, they do
their work and research using the textbooks designated for the course. As our goal is to
keep the course of study at a relatively high level, we ask teachers not to condescend to
the students in their requirements for the course work. We are also ready to discontinue
the education of those students who fail to cope with their studies (although we have not
had to do this yet).
The academic program of the biblical school in Khakasia consists of the following
subjects (the first four courses have already been offered in the 1999-2000 academic
- Introduction to the Lutheran Confessions.
- Augsburg Confession, Small and Large Catechisms. Fr. Pavel Khramov, October 1999.
- Apology, Smalcald Articles. Fr. Alan Ludwig, December 1999.
- Formula of Concord. Fr. Pavel Khramov, March 2000.
- New Testament Survey. Fr. Pavel Khramov, November 2000.
- Law and Gospel. Fr. Pavel Khramov, January 2000.
- Biblical Interpretation. Fr. Daniel Johnson, February 2000.
- Gospel of Luke. Fr. Pavel Khramov, April 2000.
- Old Testament Survey. September 2000.
- Dogmatic Theology.
- God, Christology. October 2000.
- Church and Sacraments. November 2000.
- Soteriology. December 2000.
- Galatians. January 2000.
- Church History.
- History of the early church. Ecumenical Councils and Creeds. February 2001.
- Middle Ages and Reformation. March 2001.
- Modern Church, XX century. April 2001.
- Two practical courses at the end of each year (topics will vary). May 2000 and May 2001.
Practical work of students
We think that this program is helpful for those who lead Sunday school classes as well
as for those involved in the practical service or in social aid. Even now the majority of
students has some constant work in the church. Mostly this is missionary work (visiting
people in Tuim, Vlasievo, or Kirovo, and leading matins and vespers when the ordained
minister is not present), children’s work in these congregations, social aid
(distribution of humanitarian aid, organization of free meals for the hungry). Some
students also work for the church newspaper “New Touim.”
The school in Khakasia has one staff worker: Fr. Pavel Khramov, deacon of the Lutheran
parish in Novosibirsk. His responsibilities include dealing with practical matters
(providing textbooks, organization of professors’ visits in Touim, writing reports).
Also he coordinates the academic process: scheduling sessions and topics, checking student
assignments when necessary, and also giving lectures if another professor is unavailable
for a particular course.
||Fr. Pavel Zaykin, deacon at the Touim parish, takes spiritual care of the students and
coordinates their practical work in the church. LTS rector Fr. Alexei Streltsov takes part
in questions of course formation (what themes should be covered and what order of topics
should be pursued). Finally, Fr. Andrei Ivolga renders significant help to the school in
translating for the teachers coming from America.
Benefits of the school location in Touim
There are several reasons why Touim is the most convenient place now to hold such
- Residence of many students in Touim or neighboring villages.
- Low cost of hotel accommodation and food for students who come from other places.
- Remoteness of the town, helping students to concentrate better on their studies.
Students from outside Khakasia
Although the original purpose of the school had the needs of congregations in Khakasia
in view, the importance of such education was realized in other places as well. The high
level of education, the practical character of the courses that were offered, and the
confessional stand of the school attracted students from other regions. At the moment we
have one student from Novosibirsk (from the congregation of Pastor Jeff Thormondson), five
students from Buryatia, and one student from Chita (Transbaikal region) studying at the
biblical school in Khakasia.
Along with this, we constantly get requests to admit new students, to enroll a new
group, or to organize yet another school in which more students from Eastern Siberia can
study. (At present, long distances and the resulting high cost of travel do not allow us
to receive all those who are willing to study and are capable of doing it.)
At this time the biblical school in Khasia is training 22 people, 11 men and 11 women.
Out of this number, one student is from Novosibirsk, one is from Chita, four are from
Petropavlovka, Buryatia (three men and one woman), one is from Ulan Ude (the
administrative center of Buryatia), three are from Vlasievo, and the rest are from Touim
Judging by potential and academic records, at least four of the male students have a
good chance of entering LTS once they have completed the program in Khakasia.
Plans for the future
In many ways the future will be determined by developments that are occurring now.
Originally the program was planned for two years. No recruitment was in view for the
current year, the year 2000. Therefore there are no funds for this, although the school
seems to be a very productive thing. Help therefore is needed.
As it was stated before, it seems useful and promising to broaden the activity of the
biblical school. There are at least three reasons that make us think this way:
- There are many people in Khakasia, Buryatia, and Chita who are willing to study at the
biblical school; in fact, for many of them the school presents the only opportunity for
getting theological education.
- The West Siberian Christian Mission has established congregations in Khakasia and
Buryatia. There are also emerging a congregation in Chita, contacts in Irkutsk, and plans
for starting a congregation in Abakan. The dynamic development of missions in Siberia
accounts for this fact. All this requires a certain number of ministers and church workers
who would have at least a minimal education.
- The activity of the biblical school in Khakasia during the last months has demonstrated
that even “mere” parishioners who attend classes there benefit greatly from the
school. This type of education makes them more liturgically aware and more active in
everyday works of love as well as personal evangelism.
Unfortunately, such development of the school’s activity is facing financial
difficulties. There is a need for additional resources to cover travel expenses as well as
room and board for students from regions outside Khakasia. Also, we are experiencing a
lack of qualified instructors. Possibly the latter problem can be resolved by calling upon
the skills of our church members who have received a seminary education at Concordia
Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne.
Widening the scope
Finally, it would be worth mentioning that the establishment of a biblical school in
Khakasia has become a real testimony to Touim parishioners that they are not neglected.
This congregation has gone through some severe trials from the local administration in
recent years. And so the school has become a strong reminder of God’s faithfulness
toward his people. Also, the people in Khakasia can now see the universal nature of
Christianity as teachers from America come to teach them and students from other cities
come to study. They see not only that the church can be found in many places, but also
that the mission is universal in scope. Now people in Khakasia can see that the school
prepares church workers not only for Touim or even for all Khakasia, but for the whole of